Inhalable chitosan microparticles for simultaneous delivery of isoniazid and rifabutin in lung tuberculosis treatment

Cunha, L., Rodrigues, S., da Costa, A. M. R., Faleiro, L., Buttini, F., Grenha, A. (2019).


The direct delivery of antibiotics to the lung has been considered an effective approach to treat pulmonary tuberculosis, which represents approximately 80% of total cases. In this sense, this work aimed at producing inhalable chitosan microparticles simultaneously associating isoniazid and rifabutin, for an application in pulmonary tuberculosis therapy. Spray-dried chitosan microparticles were obtained with adequate flow properties for deep lung delivery (aerodynamic diameter of 4 µm) and high drug association efficiencies (93% for isoniazid and 99% for rifabutin). The highest concentration of microparticles that was tested (1 mg/mL) decreased the viability of macrophage-differentiated THP-1 cells to around 60% after 24 h exposure, although no deleterious effect was observed in human alveolar epithelial (A549) cells. The release of LDH was, however, increased in both cells. Chitosan microparticles further evidenced capacity to activate macrophage-like cells, inducing cytokine secretion well above basal levels. Moreover, the propensity of macrophages to internalize microparticles was demonstrated, with uptake levels over 90%. Chitosan microparticles also inhibited bacterial growth by 96%, demonstrating that the microencapsulation preserved drug antibacterial activity in vitro. Overall, the obtained data suggest the potential of chitosan microparticles for inhalable lung tuberculosis therapy.

Keywords: Chitosan; Inhalable microparticles; isioniazid; rifabutin; spray-drying; pulmunary tuberculosis.

Consulte este Artigo Científico aqui.

Últimas notíciaspublicaçõescomunicações