Determination of the Most Effective Wavelengths for Prediction of Fuji Apple Starch and Total Soluble Solids Properties
Pourdarbani, R.; Sabzi, S.; Jarolmasjed, S.; Panagopoulos, T. (2020).
Proper physical properties and standard chemical properties are among the criteria that consumers use to select fruits. Recently, researchers attempted to develop non-destructive methods for measuring properties, among which the near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy is of great use. Fuji apples were collected in three different growth stages, and then starch and soluble solids were extracted. Spectral data in the range of 800 to 900 nm were used to predict the amount of starch content and 920 to 980 nm to estimate total soluble solids (TSS). Reflectance spectra were pre-processed and the most effective wavelengths of each property were selected using hybrid artificial neural network-simulated annealing (ANN-SA). Non-destructive estimation of physicochemical properties was conducted using spectral data of the most effective wavelengths using a hybrid artificial neural network-biogeography-based optimization algorithm (ANN-BBO). The results indicated that the regression coefficient of the best state of training for predicting starch was 0.97 and of TSS was 0.96, while R2 was 0.92 for both. The most effective wavelengths were 852.58, 855.54, 849.03, 855.83, 853.47, 844.90 nm for starch and 967.86, 966.67, 964.90, 958.40, 957.22, 963.97 nm for TSS.
Keywords: fruit properties; non-destructive method; biogeography-based optmization algorithm; starch; total soluble solids; wavelength; near-infrared spectroscopy.
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